TOEFL

Berikut adalah beberapan contoh soal dan pembahasan dalam tes Toefl

1. North Carolina is well known not only for the Great Smoky Mountains National Park ______for the Cherokee settlements.

a. Also

b. And

c. But also

d. Because

Explanation

(C) “But also” is used in correlation with the inclusive “not only”. Choice (B) would be used in correlation with “both”. Choices (A) and (D) are not used in correlation with another inclusive.

2.The value of the dollar  declines    as the rate of inflation raises.

a. Of the dollar

b. Declines

c. As

d. Raises

Explanation

(D) In order to refer to an increase in the rate of inflation, “rises” should be used. To raise means to move to a higher place. To rise means to increase.

3.Anthropologists assert that many of the early Native Americans who lived on the Plains did not engage in planting crops but   to hunt, living  primarily on buffalo meat.

a. But

b. To hunt

c. Living

d. Primarily

Explanation

(B) Ideas after exclusives should be expressed by parallel structures. “To hunt” should be “in hunting” to provide for parallelism with the phrase in planting.

4. ____both men and women have often achieve and women often achieved their career ambition by midlife, many people are affilicted by at least a temporary period of dissatisfaction and depression.

a. Because

b. So

c. A

d. Who

Explanation

(A) Because is used before a subject and verb to introduce cause. Choices (B), (C), and (D) are not accepted for statements of cause.

5. Because of  the movement of a glacier, the form   of the Great Lakes was very  slow.

a. Because of

b. The form

c. Of

d. Slow

Explanation

(B) Form should be formation. Although both are nouns derived from verbs, the –ation ending is needed here. Form means the structure. Formation means the process of forming over time.

6. To generate income, magazine publishers must decide wheter to increase the sub-scription price or ____

a. To sell advertising

b. If they should sell advertising

c. Seliing advertising

d. Sold advertising

Explanation

(A) Ideas in a series should expressed by parallel structures. Only “to sell” in choice (A) provides for parallelism with the infinitive “to increase”. Choices (B), (C), and (D) are not parallel.

7. Psychology Today  is  interesting, informative, and  it is  easy to read.

a. Is

b. Interesting

c. It is

d. To read

Explanation

(A) Because is used before a subject and verb to introduce cause. Choices (B), (C), and (D) are not accepted for statements of cause.

8. if it ____ more humid in the desert of the Southwest, the hot temperatures would be unbearable.

a. Be

b. Is

c. Was

d. Were

Explanation

(B) Ideas after exclusives should be expressed by parallel structures. “To hunt” should be “in hunting” to provide for parallelism with the phrase in planting.

9. It is essential that the temperature  is not  elevated  to a point where the substance formed  may become unstable and decompose into  its constituent elements.

a. Is not

b. To a point

c. May become

d. Its

Explanation

(D) In order to refer to an increase in the rate of inflation, “rises” should be used. To raise means to move to a higher place. To rise means to increase.

10. For the investor who ____ money, silver or bonds are good options.

a. Has so little a

b. Has very little

c. Has so few

d. Has very few

Explanation

(C) “But also” is used in correlation with the inclusive “not only”. Choice (B) would be used in correlation with “both”. Choices (A) and (D) are not used in correlation with another inclusive.

11. The flexibility of film allows the artist __________ unbridled imagination to the animation of cartoon characters.

a. To bring

b. Bringing

c. Is brought

d. Brings

Explanation

Answer: A
Test points: infinitive.
Analysis: allow + sb. Ten infinitive as a fixed structure. Four answers, only (A) to bring is the infinitive.

12. Traditionally, __________in New England on Thanksgiving Day.

a. When served is sweet cider

b. When sweet cider is served

c. Is served sweet cider

d. Sweet cider is served

Explanation

Answer: D
Test point: the subject-predicate structure.
Analysis: The original sentence main, that all the missing, to be elected a full subject + predicate structure, that is, (D). (A), (C) fails, (B) is a clause, not suitable for the sentence.

13. Typical of the grassland dwellers of the continent __________, or pronghorn.

a. It is the America antelope

b. The American antelope is

c. Is the American antelope

d. The American antelope

Explanation

Answer: C
Test points: inverted sentences.
Analysis: Typical of the sentence on the beginning of a sentence, use inverted sentences. Typical of … the phrase is predicative linking verb + subject structure should be selected answers, that is (C).

  14.          Not woman held a presidential cabinet position in the United States until 1933, when Frances Perkins became secretary of labor.

a. Not

b. Position

c. Until

d. Became

Explanation

Answer: A
Test points: negative word.
Analysis: no, not, and none of these three negative word usage, often in question deliberately confusing. The adverb not not modify the noun woman, applications adjectives no addition.

15. The human body relies on certainty nutrients for its survival.

a. Body

b. Relies

c. Certainly

d. Survival

Explanation

Answer: C
Test point: part of speech.
Analysis: here modifies the noun nutrients use adjectives certain, not nouns certainty.

SUMBER : http://balalaenglish.blogspot.com/2012/09/toefl-practice-and-explanation-model.html

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